Dental Alveolar Surgery
Dentoalveolar surgery is the surgical management of diseases of the teeth and their supporting hard and soft tissues.
Tooth Extractions – Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have extensive surgical training and experience in diagnosing and extracting teeth. Whether the extraction is simple or complicated by impaction, disease or infection, their surgical skills make them the obvious surgeon of choice for the patient in need.
Wisdom Teeth (Third Molars) – A tooth that fails to emerge or fully break through the gum tissue is, by definition, “impacted.” While this is a common problem associated with third molars, or wisdom teeth, which are the last teeth to develop and erupt into the mouth, other teeth can also become impacted.
Orthodontic Surgery – Often a patient is referred to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon for an extraction or another surgical procedure in preparation for orthodontic treatment, such as extraction of over-retained baby teeth or the exposure of unerupted teeth.
Preprosthetic Surgery – Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are experts at preparing the mouth for the placement of a partial or complete denture; ensuring a comfortable fit. Because dentures rest on a bone ridge, it is very important that the bone is the proper shape and size. Occasionally, excess bone must be removed or recontoured before the denture is inserted. In such cases, oral and maxillofacial surgeons may perform one or more of the following procedures:
- bone smoothing and reshaping
- removal of excess bone
- bone ridge reduction
- removal of excess gum tissue, and/or
- grafting of skin or specialized gum tissue
© 2005-2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS).